Smith thought that the Americans were victims of the mercantilist system. That Britain was trying to extract wealth from America and make sure that no wealth went from Britain to America. Smith gets caught up in this debate, and becomes closely involved. The Parliament of Great Britain insists upon taxing the colonies; and they refuse to be taxed by a Parliament in which they are not represented. Smith is widely respected, very well connected, and feels that the way Britain deals with the American colonies is very important not just for the colonies, but for Britain as well. Is a commonwealth, a free trade zone with America, is that possible? Because he believed that the best for both sides would be open and free trade. This is one of the most hotly debated and difficult problems that any British government has ever had to face. Smith listens to the debates on the American issue in the British Parliament. He even lobbies politicians, urging them to let go of their mercantilist thinking and keep Americans on friendly terms with open trade and migration. In fact, he speculates that America could one day be the seat of the capital of Great Britain.