Belgian Monarchy Family Tree

Belgian Monarchy Family Tree

Hi! My name is Jack Rackam and today I’m
going to share with you the family tree of the Belgian monarchy. We’ll be looking at
one of the greatest villains in history as well as a king whose one decision nearly brought
his kingdom to civil war and his family’s surprising connection to the British Monarchs. [Intro] Prior to gaining independence, Belgium was
ruled for many years by Spain as part of the Spanish Netherlands, then Austria as part
of the Austrian Netherlands, and then by the Netherlands as part of, well, the Netherlands.
When Belgium declared independence in 1830, the idea of forming a republic was unpopular
given what had recently happened during the French Revolution, so they opted for a king,
namely Leopold I. Interestingly enough, Leopold I had been given the opportunity to become
King of Greece the very same year that Belgium broke off from the Netherlands, but he turned
down the offer. Leopold came from the house of Saxe-Coburg
and Gotha, which is the same royal house as the British family, thanks to Queen Victoria’s
marriage to a member of that house, Prince Albert. As a matter of fact, that marriage
was in large part thanks to Leopold I. But of course the British royal family is commonly
known as the House of Windsor ever since WWI when they wanted to downplay their German
heritage. Another close connection, before Leopold was
King, he married Princess Charlotte, daughter of the then King of the United Kingdom George
IV. She and Leopold had a son, who was to be heir apparent to the British Empire, but
he was stillborn. What’s more, Charlotte died soon afterwards as a result of complications
following the birth. This led to quite a tense situation in Britain as although George IV
had two brothers, neither he nor they had any children to pass the crown to, until of
course, there was Victoria. But if you want to know more about the House of Saxe-Coburg
and Gotha in England, there’s a different video for that on this channel. After Leopold became King, he married Princess
Louise, who was the daughter of King Louis Philippe of France, so you can see he has
connections to the French Royal Family as well as the British. Leopold I died in 1865 and was succeeded by
his son Leopold II. He’s actually remembered less for ruling Belgium and more for ruling
the Congo, which he owned personally and independently of the Belgian government. The country was
given to him 1885 after the major powers of Europe met in Berlin to discuss which nations
would control which parts of the continent. There was disagreement over who would control
the Congo, and thus it was given to Leopold II as a neutral third party, under the condition
that he worked to improve the living conditions of the people living there. But Leopold ignored
those terms and ran it with the express purpose of extracting as much wealth from the country
as possible, primarily in the form of rubber. His reign was ultimately responsible for the
deaths of approximately ten million people. He had a son, who would have been Leopold
III, but he died of pneumonia as a child. Leopold II had three other legitimate children,
but they were all daughters and Belgium, like many other monarchies at the time followed
male-only primogeniture, meaning they were all ineligible for the throne. Instead, his successor was his nephew, Albert
I. Albert inherited the Congo as well, but as a colony of Belgium, and not in a personal
union. He was king of Belgium during WWI, and had pledged to be neutral in the war,
refusing to allow the German army to pass through his country to attack France. In response,
Germany invaded Belgium, which brought Britain into the war, and continued to march towards
France. The German Kaiser Wilhelm II occupied the vast majority of Belgium, but Albert remained
in control of the Belgian Army for the duration of the war. His son Leopold, who had served as a private
in the war when he was only 14, ascended to the throne as Leopold III in 1934, and married
the Swedish Princess Astrid, forming a close connection to the Swedish crown in addition
to the French and British. He is a controversial figure in Belgium, because when Germany invaded
in WWII, he did take charge of the army as his father had done or flee the country like
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, but he instead chose to surrender to the Nazis. He
did not rule on their behalf, however, and was held in Germany as a prisoner. After the war, he was not allowed to return
to his home country for several years. Eventually a referendum was held which permitted him
to once again take up his position as king, but it passed only by a narrow margin. What’s
more, the votes were cast largely along the lines of the Dutch speaking northern part
of the country who favored his return and the French speaking southern part of the country
who opposed it. Tensions between the two ran so high that soon he had no other choice but
to abdicate in favor of his son Baudouin to avoid the possibility of civil war. Before touching on Baudouin I’d quickly
like to mention another of Leopold III’s children, Josephine-Charlotte, who married
into the Royal family of Luxembourg, so there’s another connection right there. Baudouin’s reign saw the Congo become independent,
with tensions between Belgium and its former colony remaining high. The Congolese Prime
Minister Patrice Lumumba famously gave a sharp rebuke of a speech made by Baudouin arguing
that Belgium had successfully civilized the Congo and its people. Baudouin supported the
secession of an important province of the Congo and Lemumba was killed less than a year
later. While it’s possible the King may not have
ordered his death, it’s very likely he was aware of the danger to Lumumba’s life posed
by attempts to arrest him and made no attempts to avert his death. Later, it was revealed
that the US had authorized his death but hadn’t carried out the attack, and a British MI6
agent claimed shortly before her death that she had organized his abduction and murder.
In 2002, Belgium formally apologized to the Congolese people for its actions. Baudouin had no children, and so the crown
passed to Albert II. Like many contemporary constitutional monarchs, his role was largely
ceremonial. He abdicated for health reasons in 2013, the same year as Pope Benedict XVI,
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, and Emir Hamad of Qatar. Which brings us to the current king of Belgium,
Albert II’s son Philippe. He has four children, the oldest of whom, Elisabeth, is expected
to receive the crown after him, since Belgium adopted absolute primogeniture in 1992, meaning
no preference is given to male or female relatives. Okay, that was the Belgian Royal family. As
always, if you enjoyed this video it would be a great help for the channel if you gave
it a thumbs up, and if you’d like a copy of the complete Western European Royal Family
Trees Chart, you can find it at or in the description below. Thanks for watching!

92 thoughts on “Belgian Monarchy Family Tree

  • Hey everyone. This is Matt. Yes, I'm still here! 😀 I’ve been busy with a top secret project so Jack Rackam has been helping me with the narration. I will still be the one making the charts and responding to comments though and I'll still be narrating from time to time. So stay tuned … we've got lots of great stuff planned for 2020.

  • When the Netherlands became independent on July 26, 1581 "Acte van Verlatinghe",
    History began to be, exempt for Liège.
    So the Spanish and Austrian Netherlands start there.
    And yes, there are connections

  • Great video as always!! I grew up in Belgium and our high school history teacher spent many lessons explaining in detail Leopold II's actions in Congo.. Most people here are very aware of this brutal colonial past
    Can we get the Moroccan monarchy next 🙂

  • Imagine this: I'm born in Belgium, grew up in Canada and a descendant of King David of Jerusalem. And my grandparents are holocaust survivors.

  • Fun Facts:
    *The Prince of Ligne (Eugene II), hailing one of the oldest and most illustrious among the Belgian nobility was initially offered by the Belgian National Congress the throne as King of the Belgians in February of 1831 but he refused the honor. In the end, Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was chosen.
    *All women who is and had been Queen Consort of Belgium were either from ROYAL OR NOBLE backgrounds.
    1. Princess Louise of Orleans (daughter of the French King)
    2. Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria (daughter of an Austrian Archduke)
    3. Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (daughter of the Duke in Bavaria)
    4. Princess Astrid of Sweden (granddaughter of the King of Sweden)
    5. Doña Fabiola de Mora y Aragon (daughter of a Spanish Marquis)
    6. Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria dei Principi di Scilla (daughter of an Italian Prince-Duke)
    7. Countess Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz (daughter of a Belgian Count)

  • Actually, before it's declaration of independence "Belgium" did not exist (besides an overlapping Roman province which existed for a while).
    The two main regions were sometimes called Flanders and Wallonia, the Southern Netherlands, the Bourgundian Netherlands or named per region.

  • Just a week ago the former Belgian king admitted to having an illegitimate daughter (after +-30 years of denial) in the UK.

  • I'm Glad You Told The Ugly TRUTH About How Leopold II EXPLOITED African People In The Congo!!! Thank You. 👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿👏🏿

  • Be nice if Leopold's first son survived to adulthood. Imagine if he became ruler of both the Belgium and the British Empire.

  • It's cool how all Belgian monarchs are descended from the kings of France. It may not be a male only line but a line none the less.

  • So the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became the rulers of 3 countries: Belgium, Portugal and the UK. They could've gotten Greece instead of the Danes which would have changed history alot Leopold decided to pick a place closer to home.

  • King Leopold I of Belgium also had a daughter named Charlotte, named after his first wife Princess Charlotte of Wales. She later became Empress Carlota of México. Her portrait by Franz Winterhalter still hangs amongst others in the Castle of Chapultepec in Mexico City. Her furniture can be seen as well. Side note: a main avenue in the city, connecting the castle with the Palacio Nacional, was commissioned for her by her husband Emperor Maximiliano I and called el Paseo de la Emperatriz.

  • A couple of notes to pass along. Firstly, Albert I's death was initially viewed with suspicion, as he died in a mountaineering accident despite being an expert climber. Some people even thought he was murdered and his body dumped at that spot. The cause of his death was conclusively confirmed a few years ago, in which he died the way it had been officially reported.

    Secondly, Albert I's wife, Elisabeth of Bavaria (niece of Empress Elisabeth "Sisi" of Austria) was recognized as one of the Righteous Among the Nations by the State of Israel after WWII, by using her influence and connections to save hundreds of Jewish children from deportation by the Nazis during the war.

    Lastly, Leopold II's ownership of the Congo was perhaps best known through Joseph Conrad's novella "Heart of Darkness", which of course was later used as a loose basis for "Apocalypse Now".

  • Do a Revised Version of the Russian Monarchy Family Tree with the Rus’ Grand Princes and the Grand Dukes of Moscow.

  • @3:01 "Under the condition he improve the conditions of the people who lived there [in the 'Free' State of Congo]"

    We never asked anything.

  • @5:38 Fun facts: Congo Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba was an African royal, a princely scion of the Royal House of T'Olenga-Lumumba who ruled the precolonial African kingdom of Tetela as kings, the greater Anamongo Empire – whose Tetela acted as a paramountcy – as emperors, as well as supreme rulers of a confederation of various other kingdoms and polities across the Middle, Central-Southern and Central-Northeast regions of Africa from period taken someplace between the XIth-or-XIVth century to the dismantlement of their state by the Belgian and their European allies during the 1890s; then continue to rule ideally as acting transnational monarchs of the Tetela ethnic group and the rest of the now-disclocated Anamongo Empire since the 1890s onward.

    Patrice Emery T'Olenga Lumumba was the great-grandson of the latest reigning Lombadisha / Lumaliza (ruled since prior 1857 – killed during the 1890s) of the Anzinkhonda Confederation best known in the Anamongo traditions for his many decades-long punitive military expeditions over various distant regions of the African continent against the European colonists, the Ottomans, the Madhists, the British-Egyptian troops then the slave trade network led by slave traders and adventurers native the Sultanate of Zanzibar; as well as the great-grandson of the Tetela-Songye warlord, ruler and folk hero N'gongo Luteta (circa 1863 – 1893) who vehemently opposed the raids led by the Zanzibarite slaverists as well as their incrementing social-economical influence over some key-areas of Central Africa, prior fighting against the Belgians and the British troops; although, he may had been also a descendant of Tippo Tippo, a man remembered by the Mutetelas as a Batetela aristocratic warlord or by the Europeans as a Zanzibarite-birn slave trader. The three of them vividly opposed the white colonists, waging war against the incoming foreign invader but get eventually all defeated, however the Tetela people remained during the entire history of Belgian colonization in Africa one of the most beligerrant populations of that region.

    These informations are crucial in order to better understand the feuds between the Belgians and the Congolese.

  • The European monarchies are the founding members of the Bilderberg's
    They are amongst the Global Elites whose goal is control of the World.
    They are not figureheads, their accumulated wealth gives them power~

  • The Belgium Monarchy are descended from a particular line of scum!

    I look forward to the day when these money obsessed parasites are stripped of their deluded positions.

    When will the people of the Belgium's get a f**king grip?

  • The British Monarch Family Tree confirmed that I am not that smart. I'll try this botanical labyrinth and I hope I am not that dumb.

  • Belgium's Royal tree for Valentine's Day! You left out so many juicy tidbits though, the stories of our royals are so numerous and interesting when you take a look at the less known princes and princesses.

  • You forgot to mention the Prince Regent Karel who was leading the country between 45 and 51. When Leopold was in exciile. He is almost personal responsible for saving the moarchy, and bringing Belgian in international organisations as UN, Benelux and NATO. He was a younger brother of Leopold III.,_Count_of_Flanders

  • Just when I started reading a book about Princess Marie José you upload this video of our Royal Family. What a coincidence!

  • It would be really interesting if you could do the "Kings of Jerusalem", the Crusader political leaders from Godfrey of Bouillon onwards.

  • I think that you forgot to include for me the most important connection of Leopold and the British were The Duchess of Kent, his sister, Queen Victoria's mother. Prince Albert was related to king Leopold via his father (Ernest l, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) who was Leopold's older brother and Queen Victoria was related to King Leopold via her mother ( Victoria, Duchess of Kent) who was Leopold's older sister.

  • Since Belgium moved to absolute primogeniture in 1992 – during the reign of Baudouin – why did Josephine or a child of hers not succeed to the Belgian throne? It seems to me that Queen, or if a son of hers, King, of Belgium would be a higher title than Grand Duke.

  • Hi Matt and Jack! Could you show in a future video how Queen Elizabeth II is descended from the native Irish Kings?

  • The name of the wife of one of the Dutch kings, grand duchess Anna Pavlovna, is spelled incorrectly. You lost a letter "V", spelling "Pavlona".

  • Great video, also I have a suggestion for a video. Could you do a video about the Roosevelt family to find out who are the possible candidates to inherit the title of “Bullmoose”?

  • Hi.. Please do charts for Malaysia… peninsula Malaysia have seven hereditary monarchy families that every 7 years each one will be elected as King of Malaysia..

  • @Usefulcharts On your Northern/Eastern Royal European Family Tree chart is a mistake; Vasily III Grand Prince of Muscovy has the same time of reign, as his father Ivan III (1462-1505) and as they weren't co-rulers, I believe this date is incorrect. If you have already fixed the mistake it doesn't matter, but my chart is quite recent and I have this mistake. Hope I could help.

    Thanks for the great charts and keep going on!

  • Can you make an ancestor video about the syctians because there is a lot of miscommunication abiut then being iranic or turkic

  • Great job on your charts! I’m a descendant of George Washington and thoroughly enjoyed your King analogy you created for George! Thank you! ❣️🌷🌿

  • I just realized that one of your charts is in Mr. Iglesias on Netflix.

    It’s right behind Walt in Gabe’s classroom.

  • Can you do a family tree breakdown on the Royal Family of the Kingdom of Tonga? It is the only surviving monarchy in the South Pacific (and I think the Pacific in general). Thanks!

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