Let’s Talk About Race | Jennifer Chernega | TEDxTrondheim

Translator: Karolina Deryło Reviewer: Denise RQ Please hold up your thumb. Hold it up nice and high. Take a look at it. Compare your thumb to those around you. I specifically want you to look at how bendy the tip of your thumb is, whether it bends back very far or not. Now, my thumb […]

Race & Ethnicity: Crash Course Sociology #34

How do you define race? If you had to describe why you think you’re a member of one race and someone else was a member of a different one, you’d probably focus on appearances – your skin, your hair, maybe even the structures of your bodies and faces. But most of the time, those physical […]

Theories About Family & Marriage: Crash Course Sociology #37

You’ve probably heard people say that blood is thicker than water. That’s supposed to mean that family relationships – blood – are stronger than all other relationships. Which I guess are the water? But what do you think? Is that true? Can friends be considered your family? Or do you only think of your parents […]

How we can beat the burnout society | Ernst-Jan Pfauth | TEDxMaastricht

Translator: René Clerc Reviewer: Cristina Bufi-Pöcksteiner Who, in the past year, felt like they worked too hard? Please raise your hand. Wow, take a look around. That’s a lot of hands. And statistically speaking, we could have expected that. Take a look at these numbers. This is the percentage of the labor force in each […]

What makes a good society? A case study on Greece | Michael Green | TEDxThessaloniki

Translator: Cristina Bufi-Pöcksteiner Reviewer: Ellen Maloney What makes a good society? How do I know if my country, my region, my city, is a good society? When we ask that question, the answer we get back often comes in a monetary term, measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, or GDP. We often find that […]

Judging Societies by Women’s Prisons | Emily Salisbury | TEDxWashingtonCorrectionsCenterforWomen

Translator: Ellen Maloney Reviewer: Denise RQ “The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons.” This famous quote by Dostoyevsky reminds us that to truly understand the progression of humanity, we should open our eyes to see how we treat some of the most unsympathetic characters in our world. How […]

Exploring cultural genealogy from the hug of Japanese monkeys | Naofumi NAKAGAWA | TEDxKobe

翻訳: Hiroko Kawano 校正: Koji Nagai 遡りますこと 1950年 宮崎県の幸島という小さな島に お猿さんが住んでいます ニホンザルのメスの仔ザルで 当時 1.5歳の のちに「イモちゃん」と名付けられた サルなんですが その子が大発明をします その発明とは ヒトから与えられたサツマイモを まずは淡水に漬けて 砂を落として さらには海水に漬けて 塩味までつけて 食べるという発明でした この行動はその後 彼女の遊び仲間 さらにはそれぞれのお母さん達に伝わり 4、5年経つと 群れの過半数の個体に 伝わるということが起きた訳ですね これが有名な 「幸島のニホンザルの芋洗い」 という「文化」なんです なぜ 本能ではなくて 「文化」なのかといいますと まず行動を新しく開発した 獲得したということですね さらにはそれが 個体の学習 — 試行錯誤による学習 という側面もありますけど 親しい者同士を通じて 伝わっていった ということから 「社会的に学習された行動である」 と考えられたからです これが 人以外の動物で 初めて見つかった「文化」として その当時 注目を浴びた訳です 当時 日本のサル学の 初期にあたる訳ですが […]

Our Current Knowledge Society | Rumi Chunara | TEDxSugarLand

Translator: Imamali Dadashzada Reviewer: Denise RQ In 2013, riding the wave of Google Flu Trends, our research group found that Google search queries from Thailand could actually be predictive of the number of cases of malaria in Thailand. But what would happen when we looked a little bit closer is we found that some of […]

Why Do We Have Middle Names?

Most of us can understand the utility of having a first name: since it prevents us from calling everyone we meet “hey you!” And in many naming customs, surnames are a way to tie us to our family members and express our direct lineage. But why do we have middle names? Do they have any […]