The Lost Roanoke Colony

The Lost Roanoke Colony


Hey guys and welcome back to That Was
History. Today we’re going to take a look at the story of the Lost Roanoke colony. I was watching a video titled, “History’s
10 Most Mysterious Disappearances” by Hybrid Librarian recently, and quickly became intrigued by the
Roanoke piece that was discussed. I took it upon myself to research a
little more and stumbled across some recent leads as to what may have happened to this
colony. Since you may be unfamiliar with the lost Roanoke colony, let’s recap! In the late 16th century, Queen
Elizabeth the 1st was looking to make a permanent settlement in North America. Therefore, in 1587, 116 English settlers landed on Roanoke Island led by explorer
John White. This came after White had visited the
island himself two years earlier in 1585 to map everything out. After the initial
settlement was established, John White took his ship and headed back
to England for more supplies, leaving the colonists and his newly born
granddaughter behind. Unfortunately for him, the Anglo-Spanish
war would break out, and White would not be able to return to
the Roanoke colony until 1590. When he finally arrived, there was
no trace of the colony he had left year’s before. The only clues that White had where a
carving of the word “Croatoan” and the fact that none of the buildings remained. Since the buildings had been completely
dismantled, White knew that the departure had not been rushed in any way. The colonists had taken their time to
dismantle and took their resources with them. The word “Croatoan” that was carved
into a post made White think the colony had possibly moved south to the
modern day Hatteras Island, but storms prevented him from conducting
a search. There are quite a few theories as to what happened to the colonists.
Many believe that they simply integrated with the peaceful, local
tribes of the time period, others believe that either the Spanish
or violent tribes killed them and destroyed their settlements, and still other theories exist that
suggest that they tried to sail home but ended up drowning or starving.
Research by the First Colony Foundation in recent years suggest that the colony may have moved to an area that is now
known as Salmon Creek which is in the Bertie County community of Merry Hill. This hypothesis comes after the
discovery of two patches on a map that was made by John White in
1585. The patches are believed to be attempts
to correct the map, with one of them containing a symbol resembling a fort at the location of
modern day Salmon Creek. This symbol can only be seen when placed
underneath a lightbox, which leads researchers to believe that
it was a means of protecting the colony’s location. The fact that a modern day neighborhood
and golf course sit on top of the proposed site prevents teams from excavating the land. It may be a long
time before this hypothesis is ever proven plausible or not. Considering
all the options i’ve presented to you today, which theory do you believe is
the most accurate? Why not leave us a comment in
the comment section down below. As always, thanks for watching this
episode of That Was History. Be sure to give us a thumbs up and share us around on your
favorite social media sites! Also, hit that subscribe button if you
want to keep up with the latest from all of us here at That Was History. It’s been a pleasure, and I’ll see you
next time!

100 thoughts on “The Lost Roanoke Colony

  • Just discovered your channel, I love your videos, now, subscribing.
    This Roanoke Colony mystery is intriguing, I love how we sometimes can't prove anything about some Historical events and they stay unsolved.

  • my theory is they went to live with the indian tribes. WHY DID THEY BUILD THE GOLF COURSE OVER THE BEST CLUE THEY EVER HAD!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Noted author Bill Bryson states in his book "Made in America", page 14,  that there was a neighboring tribe called "Croatoan" … and that visitors would occasionally see blond-haired Indian children and several Elizabethan English words in their vocabulary.

  • Here's what I think. the natives that are called the croatoan maybe they took the colony and put them to a safer place and bring there things with them and why the natives took them somewhere safe well it's because the Spanish would have came but didn't see nobody and saw the word croatoan so they maybe knew the natives were there and they destroyed the buildings and the Spanish knew where the Roanoke colony is and maybe that's why John white didn't want to go to the colony so that's what I think. I mixed 2 things what he said in the video and it was the croatoans and the Spanish because he said just maybe the croatoan theory and the Spanish maybe killed them theory and just said more theory's he just talk about the Spanish and croatoan theory so yeah.

  • Here is what I think, I think that the colonist from Roanoke tried sailing back to Europe and dismantled their homes and everything in Roanoke to build  ships and rafts to sail away, but a storm/hurricane probably  occurred while they did this. Their rafts probably  got destroyed and they all drowned. Here is another theory: I also think that the colonist all died from a from Malaria. I think that because the colonist have never been to the Americas where they had made a settlement, because of that, they haven't ever built up antibodies that can fight  Malaria and not get them killed. Just like if an Indian goes to Spain or England he/she can catch Small Pox and die like Pocahontas did. I don't really know if I am write, but if I am HURRAY ME!!!! Anyway, I really am interested in this topic. If you can make another one for 2015 that would be great. BYE!

  • I think that the people of Roanoke island took all the houses down and try to get back to England but maybe they crossa big dtorm and the ship didnt have enough strength to get pass the big storm and the boat got drowned down the sea and never got found again

  • my theory is that one of the tribes they had made friends with were lying and also a Indian they met (you can Google that Indian)that he said he's been to England twice and can speak and write english.Well he lead the Indians to the name of the iland carved in a tree (I forgot how to spell it) were there village is on that iland and he lead them there promising food and homes so they took the supplies from there old homes to their and they carved the name of the iland in the tree so the one who sailed across the sea know we're they are or the Indians could have led the English men there killed them and marked the tree saying the iland name from the guy who know English

  • they tried to migrate somewhere else and one the way there was a huge indian massacre, only seven people survived including eleanor white dare who was john whites daughter she eventually re-married as her husband had also been killed

  • my theory is that maybe the word croatoan means something like help us and maybe they were captured and that word is what the last man wrote to show John white where they were cause it said he couldn't travel

  • or my other theory is maybe they were trying to spell in English but they didn't know how to spell so they got all the letters mixed up

  • another theory is maybe the native Americans or something were trying to say that that is their land and they don't want any new people living there because maybe they thought they were going to come live with them and they were trying to say that they don't need any more people in their village

  • Students from Jefferson Elementary in Nebraska have a mixed idea of what happened. 5 students think they integrated with the locals. 7 students think that they tried sailing back to their homeland and their ship sunk before they made it. 6 students think that their colony was taken out during a war with the Spanish or with other violent tribes. 1 student thinks that they tried moving to another location that was spotted under the light on the map, and still couldn't survive.

  • The first English colonists of Roanoke Island (later known as the Roanoke Colony) most likely relocated to Hatteras Island, then known as Croatoan. Prior to settling on Roanoke Island, the colonists had first settled on Hatteras Island in 1584; and some of them had been living there for two years before a group went on to Roanoke. The first voyage (1584) had been under Arthur Barlowe and Philip Amadas. The second voyage (1585) had been under Sir Walter Raleigh and Ralph Lane. Grenville made his second voyage (1586), to resupply the colonists on Croatoan. A Native American man named Manteo, who was from Croatoan Island, was taken to England and returned before the Roanoke colony was found abandoned. There was a fourth voyage made (1587) under John White —who had also been on prior voyages to the area.

    The story of the missing colony began when John White finally returned to Roanoke on a fifth voyage to the colony, a much-delayed re-supply mission arriving in 1590. At that time, the settlement was found abandoned. The only clue to the colonists' whereabouts was the word "Croatoan" found carved into the palisade of the fort. It is logical that the colonists left on Roanoke had gone back to Croatoan, as they had already lived there and had had a strong relationship with the natives, some of whom had visited England.[3]

    John White, who made maps showing both Croatoan and Roanoke, wrote in 1590:

    I greatly joyed that I had safely found a certain token of their safe being at Croatoan, which is the place where Manteo was born, and the savages of the island our friends. [sic][4]

    White had instructed them that if anything happened to them, they should carve a Maltese cross on a tree nearby, indicating that their disappearance had been forced. As there was no cross, White took this to mean they had moved to "Croatoan Island" (now known as Hatteras Island). Upon finding the message of CROATOAN carved on the palisade, White also wrote:

    The next morning it was agreed by the captain and myself, with the master and others to weigh anchor and go for the place at Croatoan where our planters were for that then the wind was good for that place.[5]

    However, he was unable to conduct a search, as a massive storm was brewing and his men refused to go any further. The next day, they instead left the area without looking further for the colonists.[6]

  • Guys i figured ot out, i saw some other videos on this subject and one said that sir walter raleigh told the colonists to leave a mark on a tree where they went. And if you go back to the beginning with the map of you look closely and pause the video you can see croatoan in the bottom left.

    now im not sure about the buildings but i assume they took the buildings with them.

  • I looked up croatan and it said it was a Native American group which leads me to believe that maybe the native Americans could've raided them or that the Spanish raided them

  • Sixth period believes that the settlers attempted to return to England but their ship was destroyed during a storm at sea.

  • Trying to sail home doesn't make sense.  Why would you dismantle your village to sail home?  It seems to me the island would have limited resources  and at some point you'd need to leave to find more resources for survival.  It seems most likely, in my opinion, that they left in search of resources.  Now, where they ended up I don't know, however, I believe their disappearance was likely a combination of death and integrating with the natives.

  • Mrs. Jackson's 5th grade class thinks that the most plausible theory is…. that they found the fort that was hidden on the map.

  • My Social Studies class used this video. This was one of the 4 accounts we used. Now I'm currently doing a worksheet on it and I have to include information from this video. Out of the 4 accounts I liked this one the best. Great video 🙂

  • There is no youtube video that I can find of the long forgotten Argyll Colony (1707-1775) Cape Fear, Fayetteville, North Carolina. 'The Land of the Scots' of which much of the historcal articacts remains on the land located on where Fort Bragg sits. Its a fascinating story of conflict, the collapse of the Jacobite Rebellion in Scotland and starvation in Scotland highlands. The story is the promise of land in America, hardship and betrayal. It would be great if we could see it by video.
    ccsna.org/jsep58.htm
    capefearhighlanders.com/the-argyll-colony#!

  • I been looking through everything i could find, looks more like they were sold as slaves in portugal, thats where they were for a month and a 12, Fernandez went there for instructions to south carolinas, where do you suppose the colonists stayed in that time period?

  • I think the colony was attacked by Natives looking for food and water. The surviving colonists then fled and integrated with other native tribes in Croatoan island

  • Guys, Roanoke is in a golf course, they aren't letting them dig there. By the way, they found it because someone covered it up the picture of a fort of the map

  • if prestin garvey was here he would say "another settlement needs your help here ill mark it on your map"

  • the best video related to this mysterious story , i remember the teacher was explaining the American history while he mentioned ROANOKE he said that nobody knows what happened to the colonists. ..etc i was so curious , to google it , i wish i can travel in time and find the truth behind this interesting topic .

  • I think that they relocated to Salmon Creek. But after they left the Spanish dismantled their forts which they used to build ships. They may have carved CROATOAN into the trees to throw the English off their tracks.

  • what if the drout came through and they used the house to build a ship and then the ship broke and they drowned at sea

  • We are learning this at school…we have to make a huge project about it..its hard especially because are social studies teacher never teaches..

  • My fifth grade student's at Turner Elementary believe that the Colonists were taken in by the Native Americans.

  • My second fifth grade class at Turner Elementary believe that the Colonists tried to go home and drown in the ocean.

  • I think he's wrong when he says the colonists were in no rush to leave. Anyone could have dismantled the buildings, etc. after the colonists left. If they were in no rush, why not leave more information than one cryptic word to indicate what happened? They could have carved out "went with croatoan to that cool island. See you soon."

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